The Spanish Golden Age Sonnet (University of Wales - Iberian


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In the first column shows the standard transcription of the original manuscript; in the second, the translation into modern Spanish and an English translation in the third column.: Quebrantaste las puertas y sacaste a los padres santos. As Zinn observed about Columbus, that little tidbit about Washington’s plan, which cannot be found in the standard biographies, while American children are told outright fairy tales about him, is far from innocent.� It is not merely good-natured story telling, to deceive American children into ranking Washington up there with Santa Claus.� Washington’s land grabs, both imperial and private, were the very essence of his life and career, and to sweep his greatest crime/achievement under the rug, while extolling his honesty with fabricated tales, is a form of reality-inversion.� In 2007, somebody noted that omission in Wikipedia's Washington biography, and cited this essay .� I am not holding my breath waiting for Washington's greatest feat to make it into his biographies.� The natives, to their credit, saw the likely outcome of a successful revolt by those elite colonists and few supported the revolutionaries.� The Indians generally backed Great Britain or hoped that they would win.� At that time, Great Britain was trying to honor its Royal Proclamation of 1763 .� However, land speculators, Franklin and Washington among them, set their sights on the Ohio River Valley.� About as many colonists were loyal to Great Britain as revolted.� About 500,000 American colonists of the day would be considered “loyalists,” about 20% of the colonist population. [144] � The revolutionaries forced as many as 100,000 British loyalists to flee the colonies.� Bo th “rebels” and “loyalists” were often more on the order of bloodthirsty, criminal rabble than bona fide soldiers. [145] � Washington as general did not have a high regard for his Yankee soldiers, noting after a review of his troops in 1775, “an unaccountable kind of stupidity in the lower class of these people.” [146] � Washington disdained the militias, while they were probably a deciding factor in the war.� As with all wars, the poor did the bulk of the fighting for the colonies during the American Revolution, and the war may have widened the gap between rich and poor in America. [147] By the time that Wash ington became the USA's first president in 1789, the American invasion of westward lands was well underway.� New York, the Ohio River Valley, and Kentucky were early prizes.� After nearly two centuries of ultimately fruitless bloodshed, the Iroquois vacated their lands and went to reservation land in Canada, with hardly a shot being fired.� Ironically, the Seneca, an Iroquois tribe, who had treaty rights to about half of present-day New York State in 1784, were devastated at Washington’s instruction during the Revolutionary War, and Washington was known as “Town Destroyer” among the Seneca. [148] � Seneca leader Red Jacket told Washington in 1792 that the mere mention of his name brought trembling fear to Seneca women and children. [149] � Washington was the first in a long line of American empire builders who made the USA into the global empire it is today.� Jo hn Jay summarized the attitude of the Founding Fathers when he said that those who owned the country should run it.� The hallowed Constitution made it clear just who were true citizens and who were not.� Full-fledged citizens were white, land-owning men.� Women, slaves, natives, and white men who did not “own” stolen native land were specifically excluded.� In Virginia, in those early days of the republic, about 1% of the population could vote; a proportion that approximates the Communist Party in China in the early 21st century.� Just who were the real “patriots” during the American Revolution: the rebels, or those loyal to King George? [150] The USA has be en a plutocracy from its earliest days, and having its richest citizen as its first president was no coincidence.� Interestingly, the slave-owning elites were the very people who often yelled for “liberty” the loudest. [151] � Alexander Hamilton (one of the few Founding Fathers who was not an ardent slave owner), who wanted Washington to become America’s first king, unabashedly sought to give the rich a “permanent share in our government.” [152] � The new American govern ment immediately imposed heavy taxation onto America’s poor, generally without fair representation, the exact thing that the Founding Fathers said they were fighting the British over.� The oppression led to revolts such as Shays’ Rebellion in 1786.� The Whiskey Rebellion in 1794 was waged over Hamilton’s whiskey excise tax, which fell heavily on Pennsylvanian farmers.

Pages: 288

Publisher: University of Wales Press; 1 edition (July 15, 2016)


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